Most of the articles that I have published are not available as Open Access publications via their publishers' websites. This page is intended both to meet the requirements of the Canadian Tri-Council Funding Bodies (CIHR, SSHRC, and NSERC) for researchers whom they support and to promote the ideal of free access to knowledge.


Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles

Cook D, Kuper A, Hatala R, Ginsburg S. When Assessment Data Are Words: Validity Evidence for Qualitative Educational Assessments. Acad Med. 2016 Oct;91(10):1359-1369. DOI: 10.1097/ACM.0000000000001175.

This [to be added 12 months after print publication] is a non-final version of an article published in final form in Cook D, Kuper A, Hatala R, Ginsburg S. When Assessment Data Are Words: Validity Evidence for Qualitative Educational Assessments. Acad Med. 2016 Oct;91(10):1359-1369PMID: 27049538 DOI: 10.1097/ACM.0000000000001175. It is available online: http://journals.lww.com/academicmedicine/Abstract/2016/10000/When_Assessment_Data_Are_Words___Validity_Evidence.16.aspx

Kuper A. When I Say… Equity. Med Educ 50 (3): 283-4, March 2016.

This [to be added at the end of March, 2017] is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Kuper A. When I Say… Equity. Med Educ 50 (3): 283-4, March 2016., which has been published in final form at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi?DOI=10.1111%2Fmedu.12954. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.

Rangel JC, Cartmill C, Kuper A, Martimianakis MA, Whitehead CR. Setting the Standard: Medical Education’s First Fifty Years. Med Educ 50 (1): 24-35, Jan 2016.

This [to be added at the end of January, 2017] is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Rangel JC, Cartmill C, Kuper A, Martimianakis MA, Whitehead CR. Setting the Standard: Medical Education’s First Fifty Years. Med Educ 50 (1): 24-35, Jan 2016., which has been published in final form at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26695464. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.

Whitehead CR, Kuper A, Hodges BD, Ellaway R. Conceptual and practical challenges in the assessment of physician competencies. Med Teach. 2015 Mar;37(3):245-51. Epub 2014 Dec 19.

This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Medical Teacher in March 2015, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.3109/0142159X.2014.993599.

Whitehead CR, Kuper A. Competency-based training for physicians: Are we doing no harm? CMAJ 187:E128‑9, 3 March 2015.

This article, which will be free on the publisher's website as of March 2016, is available online at: http://www.cmaj.ca/content/early/2014/12/01/cmaj.140873.long

Albert M, Paradis E, Kuper A. Interdisciplinary promises versus practices in medicine: The decoupled experiences of social sciences and humanities scholars. Soc Sci Med 126: 17-25, Feb 2015.

This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Elsevier in Social Science and Medicine in February 2015, available online: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S027795361400793X

Webster F, Rice K, Dainty K, Zwarenstein M, Durant S, Kuper A. Failure to Cope: The Hidden Curriculum of Emergency Department Wait Times and the Implications for Clinical Training. Acad Med 90 (1): 56-62, January 2015. [Commentary on this article: Weber EJ. Practicing What We Teach: In Order to Teach Patient-Centered Care, We Need to Deliver It. Acad Med 90 (1) :14-5, January 2015.]

This is a non-final version of an article published in final form in Webster F, Rice K, Dainty K, Zwarenstein M, Durant S, Kuper A. Failure to Cope: The Hidden Curriculum of Emergency Department Wait Times and the Implications for Clinical Training. Acad Med 90 (1): 56-62, January 2015. It is available online: http://journals.lww.com/academicmedicine/Pages/articleviewer.aspx?year=2015&issue=01000&article=00021&type=Fulltext

Kuper A. When I Say… Cultural Knowledge. Med Educ 48 (12): 1148-9, Dec 2014.

This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Kuper A. When I Say… Cultural Knowledge. Med Educ 48 (12): 1148-9, Dec 2014., which has been published in final form at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi?DOI=10.1111/medu.12390. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.

Whitehead CR, Kuper A, Freeman R, Grundland B, Webster F. Compassionate care? A critical discourse analysis of accreditation standards. Med Educ 48 (6): 632-43, June 2014.

This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Kuper A. WWhitehead CR, Kuper A, Freeman R, Grundland B, Webster F. Compassionate care? A critical discourse analysis of accreditation standards. Med Educ 48 (6): 632-43, June 2014., which has been published in final form at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi?DOI=10.1111/medu.12429. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.

Wong B, Kuper A, Hollenberg E, Morra D, Etchells E, Levinson W, Shojania K. Sustaining Residency Education in Quality Improvement and Patient Safety: Lessons from Social Theory. Acad Med 88 (8): 1149-56, August 2013.

This is a non-final version of an article published in final form in Wong B, Kuper A, Hollenberg E, Morra D, Etchells E, Levinson W, Shojania K. Sustaining Residency Education in Quality Improvement and Patient Safety: Lessons from Social Theory. Acad Med 88 (8): 1149-56, August 2013. It is available online: http://journals.lww.com/academicmedicine/Pages/articleviewer.aspx?year=2013&issue=08000&article=00034&type=Fulltext

Bandiera G, Boucher A, Neville A, Kuper A, Hodges BD. Integration and timing of basic and clinical sciences education. Med Teach 35 (5): 381-7, May 2013.

This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Medical Teacher in May 2013, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.3109/0142159X.2013.769674.

Kuper A, Whitehead CR, Hodges BD. Looking back to move forward: Using history, discourse and text in medical education research. Med Teach 35 (1): e849-60, January 2013.

This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Medical Teacher in January 2013, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.3109/0142159X.2012.748887.

Berger E, Chan M, Jenkins D, Harrison M, Albert M, Kuper A, Harris I. The CanMEDS Role of Collaborator: How is it taught and assessed according to faculty and residents. Paediatrics & Child Health 17 (10): 557-60, December 2012.

Gachoud D, Albert M, Kuper A, Stroud L, Reeves S. Meanings and perceptions of patient-centredness in social work, nursing & medicine: A comparative study. JIPC 26 (6): 484-90, November 2012.

Wong B, Kuper A, Robinson N, Morra D, Etchells E, Wu R, Shojania K. Computerized provider order entry systems and medical education: Balancing educational opportunities with the safety of the training experience. Med Educ 46 (8): 795-806, August 2012.

This is the peer-reviewed version of the following article: Wong B, Kuper A, Robinson N, Morra D, Etchells E, Wu R, Shojania K. Computerized provider order entry systems and medical education: Balancing educational opportunities with the safety of the training experience. Med Educ 46 (8): 795-806, August 2012., which has been published in final form at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi?DOI=10.1111/j.1365-2923.2012.04317.x. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.

Wong B, Hollenberg E, Etchells E, Kuper A, Levinson W, Shojania K. The Emergence of Quality Improvement (QI) and Patient Safety Training in Postgraduate Medical Education: An Updated Systematic Review of QI and Patient Safety Curricula. Am J Med Qual 27 (3) (suppl 2): 20S-23S, May-June 2012.

This is the peer-reviewed version of an article published in American Journal of Medical Quality that is available online at: http://ajm.sagepub.com/cgi/content/long/27/3_suppl/S3

Hodges BD, Kuper A. Theory and Practice in the Design and Conduct of Graduate Medical Education. Acad Med 87 (1): 25-33, January 2012.

This is a non-final version of an article published in final form in Hodges BD, Kuper A. Theory and Practice in the Design and Conduct of Graduate Medical Education. Acad Med 87 (1): 25-33, January 2012. It is available online: http://journals.lww.com/academicmedicine/Fulltext/2012/01000/Theory_and_Practice_in_the_Design_and_Conduct_of.13.aspx

Berger E, Kuper A, Albert M, Shouldice M. The CanMEDS Portfolio: A Tool for Reflection in a Fellowship Program. Clin Teach 8 (3): 151-5, September 2011.

Kuper A, D’Eon M. Rethinking the Basis of Medical Knowledge. Med Educ 45 (1): 36-43, January 2011. [Commentaries on this article: Dornan T, McKendree J, Robbé IJ. Medical education in an age of complexity, uncertainty and reflection. A coda to the Flexner centenary. Med Educ 45 (1): 2-6, January 2011; Gordon J. Broad church or bunfight? Possibilities for progress in medical education. Med Educ 45 (1): 6-10, January 2011.]

This is the peer-reviewed version of the following article: Kuper A, D’Eon M. Rethinking the Basis of Medical Knowledge. Med Educ 45 (1): 36-43, January 2011., which has been published in final form at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi?DOI=10.1111/j.1365-2923.2010.03791.x. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.

Hodges BD, Albert M, Akseer S, Arweiler D, Bandiera G, Byrne N, Charlin B, Karazivan P, Kuper A, Maniate J, Millette B, Noyeau E, Parker S, Reeves S. The Future of Medical Education in Canada Project: Report from the Phase 1 Environmental Scan. Med Educ 45 (1): 95-106, January 2011. [Commentaries on this article: Burch VC. Medical education in the 21st century: what would Flexner ask? Med Educ 45 (1): 22-4, January 2011; Gwee MCE. Medical and health care professional education in the 21st century: Institutional, national and global perspectives. Med Educ 45 (1): 25-28, January 2011.]

This is the peer-reviewed version of the following article: Hodges BD, Albert M, Akseer S, Arweiler D, Bandiera G, Byrne N, Charlin B, Karazivan P, Kuper A, Maniate J, Millette B, Noyeau E, Parker S, Reeves S. The Future of Medical Education in Canada Project: Report from the Phase 1 Environmental Scan. Med Educ 45 (1): 95-106, January 2011., which has been published in final form at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi?DOI=10.1111/j.1365-2923.2010.03737.x. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.

Wong B, Etchells E, Kuper A, Levinson W, Shojania K. Systematic Review: Teaching Quality Improvement And Patient Safety To Trainees. Acad Med 85 (9): 1425-39, September 2010.

This is a non-final version of an article published in final form in Wong B, Etchells E, Kuper A, Levinson W, Shojania K. Systematic Review: Teaching Quality Improvement And Patient Safety To Trainees. Acad Med 85 (9): 1425-39, September 2010. It is available online: http://journals.lww.com/academicmedicine/Pages/articleviewer.aspx?year=2010&issue=09000&article=00013&type=Fulltext

Kuper A, Albert M, Hodges BD. The Origins of the Field of Medical Education Research. Acad Med 85 (8): 1347-53, August 2010.

This is a non-final version of an article published in final form in Kuper A, Albert M, Hodges BD. The Origins of the Field of Medical Education Research. Acad Med 85 (8): 1347-53, August 2010. It is available online:  http://journals.lww.com/academicmedicine/Fulltext/2010/08000/The_Origins_of_the_Field_of_Medical_Education.22.aspx

Kuper A, Zur Nedden N, Etchells E, Shadowitz S, Reeves S. Teaching and Learning at Morbidity and Mortality Rounds: An Ethnographic Study. Med Educ 44 (6): 559-69, June 2010.

This is the peer-reviewed version of the following article: Kuper A, Zur Nedden N, Etchells E, Shadowitz S, Reeves S. Teaching and Learning at Morbidity and Mortality Rounds: An Ethnographic Study. Med Educ 44 (6): 559-69, June 2010., which has been published in final form at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi?DOI=10.1111/j.1365-2923.2010.03622.x. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.

Rosenberg M, Tram C, Kuper A, Daneman N. Rash associated with novel H1N1 strain influenza A. CMAJ 182: E146, 23 February 2010.

This article, which is free on the publisher's website, is available online at: http://www.cmaj.ca/cgi/content/long/182/3/E146

James PD, Black D, Kuper A, Saibil F. Anion Gap Acidosis In A 49-Year Old Man With Crohn’s Disease. CMAJ 182: 276-9, 23 February 2010.

This article, which is free on the publisher's website, is available online at: http://www.cmaj.ca/cgi/content/long/182/3/276

Kuper A, Martimianakis MA, McNaughton N, Albert M, Hodges BD. Asking new questions with qualitative research: A reflection on AMEE 2009. Med Teach 32 (1): 1-2, January 2010.

This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Medical Teacher in January 2010, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.3109/01421590903511438.

Kuper A, Lingard L, Levinson W. Critically Appraising Qualitative Research. BMJ 337 (7671): 687-9, 16 August 2008.

This article, which is free on the publisher's website, is available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.a1035

Reeves S, Albert M, Kuper A, Hodges BD. Why Use Theories in Qualitative Research? BMJ 337 (7670): 631-4, 13 September 2008.

This article, which is free on the publisher's website, is available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.a949

Hodges BD, Kuper A, Reeves S. Discourse Analysis. BMJ 337 (7669): 570-2, 6 September 2008.

This article, which is free on the publisher's website, is available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.a879

Reeves S, Kuper A, Hodges BD. Qualitative Research Methodologies: Ethnography. BMJ 337 (7668): 512-4, 30 August 2008.

This article, which is free on the publisher's website, is available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.a1020

Kuper A, Reeves S, Levinson W. An Introduction to Reading and Appraising Qualitative Research. BMJ 337 (7666): 404-7, 16 August 2008.

This article, which is free on the publisher's website, is available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.a288

Kuper A, Reeves S, Albert M, Hodges BD. Assessment: Do We Need to Broaden our Methodological Horizons? Med Educ 41 (12): 1121-3, December 2007.

This is the peer-reviewed version of the following article: Kuper A, Reeves S, Albert M, Hodges BD. Assessment: Do We Need to Broaden our Methodological Horizons? Med Educ 41 (12): 1121-3, December 2007., which has been published in final form at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi?DOI=10.1111/j.1365-2923.2007.02945.x. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.

Kuper A. The Intersubjective and the Intrasubjective in the Patient-Physician Dyad: Implications for Medical Humanities Education. Med Humanit 33 (2): 75-80, December 2007.

This is the peer-reviewed version of an article published in Medical Humanities that is available online at: http://mh.bmj.com/cgi/content/long/33/2/75

Kuper A. Literature and Medicine: A Problem of Assessment. Acad Med 81 (10 Supp): S128-37, October 2006.

This is a non-final version of an article published in final form in Kuper A. Literature and Medicine: A Problem of Assessment. Acad Med 81 (10 Supp): S128-37, October 2006. It is available online: http://journals.lww.com/academicmedicine/Pages/articleviewer.aspx?year=2006&issue=10001&article=00032&type=Fulltext

Strevel EL, Kuper A, Gold WL. Severe and Protracted Hypoglycaemia Associated with Co trimoxazole Use. Lancet Infect Dis 6 (3): 178-82, March 2006.

Haviv YS, Kuper A. Severe Peripheral Œdema Associated with Valproic Acid. Clin Drug Invest 19 (5): 385-7, May 2000.

Non-Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles

Greenhalgh T, Annandale E, Ashcroft R, Barlow J, Black N, Bleakley A, et al. An open letter to The BMJ editors on qualitative research. BMJ 352: i563, 10 February 2016. [Commentary on this article: Loder E, Groves R, Schroter S, Merino JG, Weber W. Qualitative research and The BMJ. BMJ 2016;352:i957. Published 16 February 2016

This article, which is free on the publisher's website, is available online at: http://www.bmj.com/content/352/bmj.i957

Whitehead CMC, Kuper A. A False Dichotomy. CMAJ 187(9): 683-4, 16 June 2015.

This article, which will be free on the publisher's website as of June 2016, is available online at: http://www.cmaj.ca/cgi/content/long/187/9/683

Kuper A, Whitehead CR. The Practicality of Theory. Acad Med 88 (11): 1594-5, November 2013. [Comment on Schumacher DJ, Englander R, Carraccio C. Developing the Master Learner: Applying Learning Theory to the Learner, the Teacher, and the Learning Environment. Acad Med 88 (11) :1635-45, November 2013.]

This is a non-final version of an article published in final form in Kuper A, Whitehead CR. The Practicality of Theory. Acad Med 88 (11): 1594-5, November 2013. It is available online: http://journals.lww.com/academicmedicine/Pages/articleviewer.aspx?year=2013&issue=11000&article=00007&type=Fulltext

Paradis E, Reznick R, Kuper A. Body fat as metaphor: From harmful to helpful. CMAJ 185: 152-3, 5 February 2013.

This article, which is free on the publisher's website, is available online at: http://www.cmaj.ca/cgi/content/long/185/2/152

Whitehead CR, Kuper A. Beyond the biomedical feedlot. Acad Med 87 (11): 1485, November 2012.

This is a non-final version of an article published in final form in Beyond the biomedical feedlot. Acad Med 87 (11): 1485, November 2012. It is available online: http://journals.lww.com/academicmedicine/Pages/articleviewer.aspx?year=2012&issue=11000&article=00028&type=Fulltext

Kuper A. Knowledge as Practice: Rethinking Medical Education. CJGIM 7 (3): 73-5, October 2012.

The issue of the Canadian Journal of General Internal Medicine that includes this article is available as a free flipbook at: http://www.allegrahamilton.com/publications/ajp/gim/cjgim_7_3/

Kuper A, Whitehead CR. The paradox of interprofessional education: IPE as a mechanism of maintaining physician power? JIPC 26 (5): 347-349, September 2012.

This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Journal of Interprofessional Care in September 2012, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.3109/13561820.2012.689382

Whitehead CR, Kuper A, Webster F. The Conceit of Curriculum. Med Educ 46 (6): 534–536, June 2012. [Comment on Powell Sears K. Improving cultural competence education: The utility of an intersectional framework. Med Educ 46 (6): 545-51, June 2012.]

Research Reports

Wong B, Shojania K, Hollenberg E, Etchells E, Kuper A, Levinson W. Integrating Patient Safety and Quality Improvement with Postgraduate Medical Education. Association of Faculties of Medicine of Canada. FMEC-PG Environmental Scan, 2011.

This report is available for download at: https://www.afmc.ca/pdf/fmec/07_Wong_Patient%20Safety%20and%20QI.pdf

Albert M, Kuper A. ‘Brève revue de la littérature sur la recherche en éducation médicale’. Association des facultés de médecine du Canada. Ottawa, December 2008.

The full set of Future of Medical Education in Canada (FMEC-MD) Environmental Scan literature reviews (which includes this report) is available for download at: https://www.afmc.ca/future-of-medical-education-in-canada/medical-doctor-project/pdf/National%20Literature%20Reviews.pdf

Book Reviews

Kuper A. A Post-War Masquerade: A review of The Imposter Bride, by Nancy Richler. Literary Review of Canada 20 (6): 18, July-August 2012.

This article, which is free on the publisher's website, is available online at: http://reviewcanada.ca/magazine/2012/07/a-post-war-masquerade/

Kuper A. Book Review: Pulse: Voices from the Heart of Medicine: The First Year. CMAJ 183: E355, 5 April 2011.

This article, which is free on the publisher's website, is available online at: http://www.cmaj.ca/cgi/content/long/183/6/E355

Book Chapters & Monographs

Albert M, Paradis E, Kuper A. Interdisciplinary fantasy: Social Scientists and Humanities Scholars working in Faculties of Medicine. In: Frickel S, Albert M, Prainsack B, editors. Critical Studies of Interdisciplinary Research. Rutgers, NY: Rutgers University Press. Forthcoming.

Hamer D, Kancir J, Fuller J, Kuper A, Bryden P, Peterkin A. A Narrative Companion for the Medical Curriculum. In: Peterkin A, Brett-Maclean P, editors. Keeping Reflection Fresh: Top Educators Share Their Innovations in Health Professional Education. Kent State University Press (Literature and Medicine Series). Forthcoming.

Hodges BD, Kuper A. Education Reform and the Hidden Curriculum: The Canadian Journey. In: Hafferty F, O’Donnell J, editors. The Hidden Curriculum in Health Professions Education. Dartmouth, NJ: Dartmouth University Press, 2014, pp. 41-50.

Kuper A, Whitehead CR, Hodges BD. Looking back to move forward: Using history, discourse and text in medical education research. (Reprint with permission from Medical Teacher). AMEE Guide 73 [Booklet] (Research in Medical Education Series). Dundee (United Kingdom): Association for Medical Education in Europe; 2014.

Paradis E, Webster F, Kuper A. Medical education and its context in society. In: Walsh K, editor. Oxford Textbook of Medical Education. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 2013, pp. 136-47.

Kuper A, Lingard L, Levinson W. Critically appraising qualitative research (Extract with permission from BMJ). In: Katz J, Peace S, Spurr S, editors. Adult lives: A life course perspective. Bristol, UK: The Open University and Policy Press, 2011, pp. 424-8.

Hodges BD, Kuper A. Theory and Practice in the Design and Conduct of Graduate Medical Education. In: Conference Proceedings: Reforming Graduate Medical Education to Meet the Needs of the Public (Reprint with permission from Academic Medicine). Macy Foundation, 2011.

Kuper A, Hodges BD. Medical Education in its Societal Context. In: Dornan T, Mann KV, Scherpbier AJJA, Spencer JA, editors. Medical Education: Theory & Practice. Elsevier, 2010, pp. 39-49.


I have, to my knowledge, complied with copyright requirements as best as I can ascertain through the SHERPA/RoMEO database, from individual publisher's websites, and/or from direct email correspondence with journals and their publishers.

I have not yet been able to obtain post-print versions for some (primarily older) articles on which I am not first author. I am continuing to try to obtain those texts.